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Ranakpur

Ranakpur is a fascinating village situated in Desuri tehsil near Sadri town in the Pali district of Rajasthan. It is located between Jodhpur and Udaipur, in a valley on the western side of the Aravalli Range. Ranakpur is widely known for its marble Jain temple, one of the most prominent of the Jain temples. There is also a small Sun temple which is managed by the Udaipur royal family trust. Ranakpur is easily accessed by road from Udaipur.

History Ranakpur was named after Rana Kumbha, the Rajput monarch and the owner of a famous plot on which the famous Jain temple was being built. A Jain businessman, Dharna Sah approached him to ask for the land for the construction of the temple when he had the vision of his great temple. Renowned for some marvelously carved Jain temples in amber stone, Ranakpur is one of the five holiest places of the Jain community and exceptional in beauty. These temples were constructed in the 1439 AD and are placed at a distance of around 60 km from Udaipur.

Pilgrimages Attractions of Ranakpur The Jain Temple at Ranakpur was built in the 15th century during the reign of the liberal and was gifted to the Rajput monarch Rana Kumbha. The basement is of 48,000 sq. feet area that covers the whole complex. There are four subsidiary shrines, twenty-four pillared halls and domes supported by over four hundred columns. The total number of columns is 1,444 all of which are intricately carved alike. The artistically carved nymphs playing the flute in various dance postures at a height of 45 feet are an interesting sight to find here. In the assembly hall, there are two big bells weighing 108 kg whose sound echoes in the entire complex. The main temple is a Chaumukh or a four-faced temple dedicated to Adinath.

The three other Jain temples in the same complex, including a temple of the Sun God, are all well worth a visit. One kilometer away from the temple complex is the temple of Amba Mata.

Sadri Sadri, eight km away from the Jain Temple, is famous for some beautiful temples and an old Dargah of Khudabaksh Baba. The Varahavtar temple and the Chintamani Parsvanath temple are the oldest of the temples situated here.

Temples at Desuri There are three remarkable temples at Desuri, dedicated to Lord Shiva, Lord Hanuman and Navi Mata located around 16 km from Ranakpur. An old mosque situated here is also worth a visit. A temple dedicated to Parsuram Mahadeo, nestled in the hills can also be found nearby.

Another nearby place, Ghanerao, abounds Hindu temples where most notably the temple of Gajanand is idolized with a life-size statue of the goddesses Riddhi and Siddhi. The statue in the main shrine is guarded by idols of Hanuman and Bhairon on either side.

Muchhal Mahavir temple This temple is situated about five km from Ghanerao in the Kumbhalgarh Sanctuary. Its distinctive feature is the statue of Lord Mahavira with a mustache. The two statues of elephants guarding the gateways are splendid examples of temple decoration. The vicinity of the temple is attracted with the Garasia tribal villages famous for their colorful costumes.

Falna Ranakpur The Jain Golden Temple in Falna, a small town in Rajasthan, brings many attractions worldwide. It is the first temple that has been constructed by the people of the Jain community. The temple has a métier that, from the Falna town itself about 90 Kg. of gold was donated by the ladies of the Jain community for the idolization of temple dome and Lords idol.

Fast Facts

  • Area: 5 sq km
  • Altitude: 486 meters above sea level
  • Languages: Rajasthani, Hindi and English
  • Best time to visit: October to March

Weather

  • Summers: 42 C (Max) - 22 C (Min)
  • Winters: 20 C (Max) - 11 C (Min)
  • Rainy Season: from July to mid Sept, and very humid (Upton 90%)
  • Rainfall: 55 centimeters